Prof. Leszek Adam Dobrzański, DSc, PhD, MSc, Eng, Hon. Prof., M Dr HC is currently a Full Professor of Materials Engineering, Nanotechnology, Biomaterials, Medical, Dental and Manufacturing Engineering, Management and Organisation and the Director of the Science Centre ASKLEPIOS of the Medical and Dental Engineering Centre for Research, Design and Production ASKLEPIOS Ltd in Gliwice, Poland and Principal Investigator and the Supervisory Council Chairman of the Centre. He is a Fellow of the Materials Science Committee of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS) and the President of the Metallic Materials Section of this Committee, and a Member of several Sections of the Metallurgy Committee of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and Committee of Machine Design of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He is a Vice President and a Fellow of the Academy of Engineers in Poland. He is a foreign Fellow of the Ukrainian Academy of Engineering Sciences, and a foreign Fellow of the Slovak Academy of Engineering Sciences. He is the President of the World Academy of Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, and a President of the international scientific society – the Association of Computational Materials Science and Surface Engineering. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the “Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering”, “Archives of Materials Science and Engineering” and “Open Access Library” supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Poland. He is a member of the Interdisciplinary Team for Programme of research infrastructure support within the framework of Polish Science and Technology Fund of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Poland, he is a Chairman of the Working Group for Country Smart Specialisation No 13 for engineering materials and nanotechnology in the structure of the Ministry of Development of Poland. He is an expert in European Commission in Coal and Steel Fund and officially represents Poland in COST Action in the area of nanotechnology. Prof. Leszek Adam Dobrzański is also Vice-President of the Industrial Association – Polish Cluster of Innovative Forging Technologies “Hephaestus”.
The published creative scientific output of Prof. Leszek A. Dobrzański of the international significance pertains to materials science, surface engineering, nanotechnology, biomaterials and bioengineering, computer aided engineering materials design and modelling of their structure and properties. His scientific output includes about 2300 scientific publications with others currently in printing, including about 50 books and monographs and 40 chapters in books and monographs, 220 papers in English in journals covered in the Web of Science Core Collection. He is the author or co-author of 52 patents and scientific editor of over 410 joint publications, including many editions of the scientific journals of worldwide circulation edited by him in English, as well as of proceedings of the international scientific conferences.
The aim of the lecture is the presentation of the results of the investigations of the new obtained biological-engineering composite materials with microporous rigid titanium and titanium Ti6Al4V alloy skeletons manufactured by Selective Laser Sintering. The idea is to develop entirely innovative groups of materials for applications in the form of dental implants, mainly in dental implantology but also in other areas of regenerative medicine as craniofacial surgery. The details of the case studies from craniofacial surgery mainly of the operations of the undershot mouth and from the dental implantology are given. It is the explanation of the reasons for the introduction of the new constructions and materials and a new philosophy for osseointegration using new kinds of engineering materials. The synergic use of medical knowledge, tissue engineering and materials engineering methods to produce a functional replacement for damaged tissues leads to the development of hybrid technologies of biological-engineering composite materials and a comprehensive methodology for the design of personalised tissues including dental implants but also of bones mainly of a jaw. This lecture presents the outcomes and optimisation of manufacturing conditions with a laser technology a new generation of custom, original, hybrid, microporous high-strength biological-engineering materials with microporous titanium or titanium Ti6Al4V alloy skeletons. In the pores of regulated size and on the surface of the biological-engineering composite materials, natural cells were grown. The chapter deals with the own work done so far in this field, including computer-aided design, computer-aided additive manufacturing with selective laser sintering to produce porous skeletons materials. On the inner surface of the pores in these skeletons, the thin coatings are generated using the atomic layer deposition or sol-gel dip coating methods. For improving the cells proliferation conditions ensured by fully compatible materials, internal coatings with TiO2 and Al2O3 oxides and Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 hydroxyapatite of the surface of pores of a microporous skeleton was used. The results of the microbiological research are included in the lecture.